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Center for Labor Research and Education

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Map: Public Assistance Expenditures for Working Families by State

Select any state to see how much federal and state money is going to working families for public assistance programs in that state. Federal costs are comprised of expenditures on Medicaid/CHIP, the cash assistance portion of Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF), the Earned Income Tax Credit (EITC), and Food Stamps (SNAP). State costs are comprised of expenditures on Medicaid/CHIP and the cash assistance portion of TANF. All figures represent yearly expenditures using data from 2009-2011, adjusted to 2013 dollars. For more information see the report The High Public Cost of Low Wages.

 

 

 

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Enrollment Data Source: Authors’ calculations from 2010–2012 March Current Population Survey (CPS) and administrative data from the Medicaid, CHIP, EITC, and SNAP programs.
Note: Enrollment data for Medicaid/CHIP is at the individual level. Enrollment data for EITC and SNAP are at the family level. A family is considered enrolled if at least one family member receives benefits under the program. TANF data are not listed due to sample size constraints.

Federal Data Source: Authors’ calculations from 2010–2012 March Current Population Survey (CPS) and administrative data from the Medicaid, CHIP, TANF, EITC, and SNAP programs.

State Data Source: Authors’ calculations from 2010–2012 March Current Population Survey (CPS) and administrative data from the Medicaid, CHIP, and TANF programs.

 

District of Colombia
STATE: District of Colombia

Enrollment of Working Families

75,000 Medicaid/CHIP
35,000 EITC
21,000 SNAP

Federal Cost ($ millions)

$723 Total
$298 For Working Families
41% Working Families’ Share

State Cost ($ millions)

$147 Total
$55 For Working Families
38% Working Families’ Share
Hawaii
STATE: Hawaii

Enrollment of Working Families

158,000 Medicaid/CHIP
89,000 EITC
53,000 SNAP

Federal Cost ($ millions)

$1,088 Total
$679 For Working Families
62% Working Families’ Share

State Cost ($ millions)

$244 Total
$149 For Working Families
61% Working Families’ Share
Alaska
STATE: Alaska

Enrollment of Working Families

54,000 Medicaid/CHIP
29,000 EITC
15,000 SNAP

Federal Cost ($ millions)

$608 Total
$268 For Working Families
44% Working Families’ Share

State Cost ($ millions)

$256 Total
$109 For Working Families
43% Working Families’ Share
New York
STATE: New York

Enrollment of Working Families

2,900,000 Medicaid/CHIP
1,343,000 EITC
674,000 SNAP

Federal Cost ($ millions)

$18,734 Total
$9,756 For Working Families
52% Working Families’ Share

State Cost ($ millions)

$6,704 Total
$3,309 For Working Families
49% Working Families’ Share
Michigan
STATE: Michigan

Enrollment of Working Families

998,000 Medicaid/CHIP
599,000 EITC
449,000 SNAP

Federal Cost ($ millions)

$7,870 Total
$3,934 For Working Families
50% Working Families’ Share

State Cost ($ millions)

$1,348 Total
$596 For Working Families
44% Working Families’ Share
Ohio
STATE: Ohio

Enrollment of Working Families

957,000 Medicaid/CHIP
719,000 EITC
358,000 SNAP

Federal Cost ($ millions)

$9,065 Total
$4,544 For Working Families
50% Working Families’ Share

State Cost ($ millions)

$1,668 Total
$738 For Working Families
44% Working Families’ Share
North Carolina
STATE: North Carolina

Enrollment of Working Families

923,000 Medicaid/CHIP
712,000 EITC
390,000 SNAP

Federal Cost ($ millions)

$7,548 Total
$4,288 For Working Families
57% Working Families’ Share

State Cost ($ millions)

$1,063 Total
$540 For Working Families
51% Working Families’ Share
Rhode Island
STATE: Rhode Island

Enrollment of Working Families

90,000 Medicaid/CHIP
59,000 EITC
33,000 SNAP

Federal Cost ($ millions)

$800 Total
$391 For Working Families
49% Working Families’ Share

State Cost ($ millions)

$199 Total
$97 For Working Families
49% Working Families’ Share
Connecticut
STATE: Connecticut

Enrollment of Working Families

346,000 Medicaid/CHIP
151,000 EITC
74,000 SNAP

Federal Cost ($ millions)

$2,116 Total
$1,146 For Working Families
54% Working Families’ Share

State Cost ($ millions)

$902 Total
$486 For Working Families
54% Working Families’ Share
Massachusetts
STATE: Massachusetts

Enrollment of Working Families

770,000 Medicaid/CHIP
302,000 EITC
148,000 SNAP

Federal Cost ($ millions)

$4,509 Total
$2,285 For Working Families
51% Working Families’ Share

State Cost ($ millions)

$1,965 Total
$967 For Working Families
49% Working Families’ Share
Delaware
STATE: Delaware

Enrollment of Working Families

120,000 Medicaid/CHIP
57,000 EITC
32,000 SNAP

Federal Cost ($ millions)

$817 Total
$460 For Working Families
56% Working Families’ Share

State Cost ($ millions)

$321 Total
$172 For Working Families
54% Working Families’ Share
New Jersey
STATE: New Jersey

Enrollment of Working Families

634,000 Medicaid/CHIP
427,000 EITC
159,000 SNAP

Federal Cost ($ millions)

$4,405 Total
$2,552 For Working Families
58% Working Families’ Share

State Cost ($ millions)

$1,294 Total
$726 For Working Families
56% Working Families’ Share
Maryland
STATE: Maryland

Enrollment of Working Families

536,000 Medicaid/CHIP
318,000 EITC
131,000 SNAP

Federal Cost ($ millions)

$3,493 Total
$1,954 For Working Families
56% Working Families’ Share

State Cost ($ millions)

$1,098 Total
$628 For Working Families
57% Working Families’ Share
New Hampshire
STATE: New Hampshire

Enrollment of Working Families

94,000 Medicaid/CHIP
60,000 EITC
27,000 SNAP

Federal Cost ($ millions)

$539 Total
$344 For Working Families
64% Working Families’ Share

State Cost ($ millions)

$160 Total
$104 For Working Families
65% Working Families’ Share
Maine
STATE: Maine

Enrollment of Working Families

147,000 Medicaid/CHIP
67,000 EITC
53,000 SNAP

Federal Cost ($ millions)

$954 Total
$456 For Working Families
48% Working Families’ Share

State Cost ($ millions)

$140 Total
$63 For Working Families
45% Working Families’ Share
Vermont
STATE: Vermont

Enrollment of Working Families

100,000 Medicaid/CHIP
33,000 EITC
22,000 SNAP

Federal Cost ($ millions)

$521 Total
$285 For Working Families
55% Working Families’ Share

State Cost ($ millions)

$160 Total
$87 For Working Families
54% Working Families’ Share
Pennsylvania
STATE: Pennsylvania

Enrollment of Working Families

1,049,000 Medicaid/CHIP
693,000 EITC
311,000 SNAP

Federal Cost ($ millions)

$8,074 Total
$4,093 For Working Families
51% Working Families’ Share

State Cost ($ millions)

$1,872 Total
$979 For Working Families
52% Working Families’ Share
West Virginia
STATE: West Virginia

Enrollment of Working Families

141,000 Medicaid/CHIP
118,000 EITC
64,000 SNAP

Federal Cost ($ millions)

$1,421 Total
$636 For Working Families
45% Working Families’ Share

State Cost ($ millions)

$160 Total
$61 For Working Families
38% Working Families’ Share
Virginia
STATE: Virginia

Enrollment of Working Families

512,000 Medicaid/CHIP
453,000 EITC
168,000 SNAP

Federal Cost ($ millions)

$3,980 Total
$2,236 For Working Families
56% Working Families’ Share

State Cost ($ millions)

$978 Total
$543 For Working Families
56% Working Families’ Share
South Carolina
STATE: South Carolina

Enrollment of Working Families

377,000 Medicaid/CHIP
377,000 EITC
178,000 SNAP

Federal Cost ($ millions)

$3,986 Total
$2,028 For Working Families
51% Working Families’ Share

State Cost ($ millions)

$402 Total
$182 For Working Families
45% Working Families’ Share
Florida
STATE: Florida

Enrollment of Working Families

1,765,000 Medicaid/CHIP
1,604,000 EITC
739,000 SNAP

Federal Cost ($ millions)

$13,399 Total
$7,776 For Working Families
58% Working Families’ Share

State Cost ($ millions)

$2,007 Total
$1,027 For Working Families
51% Working Families’ Share
Georgia
STATE: Georgia

Enrollment of Working Families

945,000 Medicaid/CHIP
860,000 EITC
389,000 SNAP

Federal Cost ($ millions)

$8,600 Total
$5,045 For Working Families
59% Working Families’ Share

State Cost ($ millions)

$1,042 Total
$539 For Working Families
52% Working Families’ Share
Alabama
STATE: Alabama

Enrollment of Working Families

444,000 Medicaid/CHIP
435,000 EITC
215,000 SNAP

Federal Cost ($ millions)

$4,152 Total
$2,501 For Working Families
60% Working Families’ Share

State Cost ($ millions)

$373 Total
$201 For Working Families
54% Working Families’ Share
Kentucky
STATE: Kentucky

Enrollment of Working Families

335,000 Medicaid/CHIP
308,000 EITC
149,000 SNAP

Federal Cost ($ millions)

$3,892 Total
$1,893 For Working Families
49% Working Families’ Share

State Cost ($ millions)

$491 Total
$222 For Working Families
45% Working Families’ Share
Indiana
STATE: Indiana

Enrollment of Working Families

518,000 Medicaid/CHIP
402,000 EITC
172,000 SNAP

Federal Cost ($ millions)

$4,247 Total
$2,222 For Working Families
52% Working Families’ Share

State Cost ($ millions)

$539 Total
$258 For Working Families
48% Working Families’ Share
Wisconsin
STATE: Wisconsin

Enrollment of Working Families

653,000 Medicaid/CHIP
286,000 EITC
168,000 SNAP

Federal Cost ($ millions)

$3,299 Total
$1,793 For Working Families
54% Working Families’ Share

State Cost ($ millions)

$705 Total
$349 For Working Families
49% Working Families’ Share
Illinois
STATE: Illinois

Enrollment of Working Families

1,613,000 Medicaid/CHIP
820,000 EITC
495,000 SNAP

Federal Cost ($ millions)

$8,483 Total
$5,011 For Working Families
59% Working Families’ Share

State Cost ($ millions)

$1,895 Total
$1,098 For Working Families
58% Working Families’ Share
Tennessee
STATE: Tennessee

Enrollment of Working Families

694,00 Medicaid/CHIP
493,000 EITC
296,000 SNAP

Federal Cost ($ millions)

$7,024 Total
$3,945 For Working Families
56% Working Families’ Share

State Cost ($ millions)

$1,271 Total
$709 For Working Families
56% Working Families’ Share
Mississippi
STATE: Mississippi

Enrollment of Working Families

305,00 Medicaid/CHIP
289,000 EITC
134,000 SNAP

Federal Cost ($ millions)

$3,233 Total
$1,755 For Working Families
54% Working Families’ Share

State Cost ($ millions)

$253 Total
$122 For Working Families
48% Working Families’ Share
Louisiana
STATE: Louisiana

Enrollment of Working Families

550,000 Medicaid/CHIP
416,000 EITC
176,000 SNAP

Federal Cost ($ millions)

$4,476 Total
$2,504 For Working Families
56% Working Families’ Share

State Cost ($ millions)

$459 Total
$236 For Working Families
51% Working Families’ Share
Arkansas
STATE: Arkansas

Enrollment of Working Families

334,000 Medicaid/CHIP
223,000 EITC
96,000 SNAP

Federal Cost ($ millions)

$2,454 Total
$1,429 For Working Families
58% Working Families’ Share

State Cost ($ millions)

$255 Total
$149 For Working Families
59% Working Families’ Share
Missouri
STATE: Missouri

Enrollment of Working Families

506,000 Medicaid/CHIP
390,000 EITC
237,000 SNAP

Federal Cost ($ millions)

$4,196 Total
$2,426 For Working Families
58% Working Families’ Share

State Cost ($ millions)

$644 Total
$335 For Working Families
52% Working Families’ Share
Iowa
STATE: Iowa

Enrollment of Working Families

326,000 Medicaid/CHIP
161,000 EITC
117,000 SNAP

Federal Cost ($ millions)

$1,754 Total
$1,091 For Working Families
62% Working Families’ Share

State Cost ($ millions)

$318 Total
$191 For Working Families
60% Working Families’ Share
Minnesota
STATE: Minnesota

Enrollment of Working Families

487,000 Medicaid/CHIP
241,000 EITC
114,000 SNAP

Federal Cost ($ millions)

$2,909 Total
$1,675 For Working Families
58% Working Families’ Share

State Cost ($ millions)

$1,071 Total
$617 For Working Families
58% Working Families’ Share
Texas
STATE: Texas

Enrollment of Working Families

3,113,000 Medicaid/CHIP
2,163,000 EITC
982,000 SNAP

Federal Cost ($ millions)

$20,014 Total
$13,352 For Working Families
67% Working Families’ Share

State Cost ($ millions)

$3,223 Total
$2,069 For Working Families
64% Working Families’ Share
Oklahoma
STATE: Oklahoma

Enrollment of Working Families

474,000 Medicaid/CHIP
280,000 EITC
145,000 SNAP

Federal Cost ($ millions)

$2,943 Total
$1,851 For Working Families
63% Working Families’ Share

State Cost ($ millions)

$427 Total
$265 For Working Families
62% Working Families’ Share
Kansas
STATE: Kansas

Enrollment of Working Families

174,000 Medicaid/CHIP
158,000 EITC
68,000 SNAP

Federal Cost ($ millions)

$1,430 Total
$817 For Working Families
57% Working Families’ Share

State Cost ($ millions)

$224 Total
$107 For Working Families
48% Working Families’ Share
Nebraska
STATE: Nebraska

Enrollment of Working Families

142,000 Medicaid/CHIP
106,000 EITC
37,000 SNAP

Federal Cost ($ millions)

$893 Total
$546 For Working Families
61% Working Families’ Share

State Cost ($ millions)

$181 Total
$110 For Working Families
61% Working Families’ Share
New Mexico
STATE: New Mexico

Enrollment of Working Families

333,000 Medicaid/CHIP
164,000 EITC
86,000 SNAP

Federal Cost ($ millions)

$2,617 Total
$1,506 For Working Families
58% Working Families’ Share

State Cost ($ millions)

$414 Total
$242 For Working Families
58% Working Families’ Share
Colorado
STATE: Colorado

Enrollment of Working Families

429,000 Medicaid/CHIP
260,000 EITC
127,000 SNAP

Federal Cost ($ millions)

$2,303 Total
$1,444 For Working Families
63% Working Families’ Share

State Cost ($ millions)

$479 Total
$294 For Working Families
61% Working Families’ Share
South Dakota
STATE: South Dakota

Enrollment of Working Families

68,000 Medicaid/CHIP
50,000 EITC
24,000 SNAP

Federal Cost ($ millions)

$509 Total
$286 For Working Families
56% Working Families’ Share

State Cost ($ millions)

$89 Total
$48 For Working Families
54% Working Families’ Share
North Dakota
STATE: North Dakota

Enrollment of Working Families

42,000 Medicaid/CHIP
31,000 EITC
15,000 SNAP

Federal Cost ($ millions)

$306 Total
$189 For Working Families
62% Working Families’ Share

State Cost ($ millions)

$67 Total
$38 For Working Families
56% Working Families’ Share
Wyoming
STATE: Wyoming

Enrollment of Working Families

50,000 Medicaid/CHIP
28,000 EITC
8,000 SNAP

Federal Cost ($ millions)

$261 Total
$154 For Working Families
59% Working Families’ Share

State Cost ($ millions)

$92 Total
$52 For Working Families
57% Working Families’ Share
Utah
STATE: Utah

Enrollment of Working Families

241,000 Medicaid/CHIP
156,000 EITC
66,000 SNAP

Federal Cost ($ millions)

$1,663 Total
$1,095 For Working Families
66% Working Families’ Share

State Cost ($ millions)

$253 Total
$156 For Working Families
61% Working Families’ Share
Arizona
STATE: Arizona

Enrollment of Working Families

792,000 Medicaid/CHIP
408,000 EITC
257,000 SNAP

Federal Cost ($ millions)

$6,596 Total
$3,745 For Working Families
57% Working Families’ Share

State Cost ($ millions)

$1,335 Total
$686 For Working Families
51% Working Families’ Share
Nevada
STATE: Nevada

Enrollment of Working Families

147,000 Medicaid/CHIP
172,000 EITC
66,000 SNAP

Federal Cost ($ millions)

$1,391 Total
$752 For Working Families
54% Working Families’ Share

State Cost ($ millions)

$213 Total
$98 For Working Families
46% Working Families’ Share
Montana
STATE: Montana

Enrollment of Working Families

68,000 Medicaid/CHIP
63,000 EITC
25,000 SNAP

Federal Cost ($ millions)

$621 Total
$337 For Working Families
54% Working Families’ Share

State Cost ($ millions)

$79 Total
$42 For Working Families
54% Working Families’ Share
Idaho
STATE: Idaho

Enrollment of Working Families

172,000 Medicaid/CHIP
106,000 EITC
64,000 SNAP

Federal Cost ($ millions)

$1,061 Total
$693 For Working Families
65% Working Families’ Share

State Cost ($ millions)

$121 Total
$69 For Working Families
57% Working Families’ Share
Washington
STATE: Washington

Enrollment of Working Families

646,000 Medicaid/CHIP
317,000 EITC
289,000 SNAP

Federal Cost ($ millions)

$4,056 Total
$2,075 For Working Families
51% Working Families’ Share

State Cost ($ millions)

$993 Total
$505 For Working Families
51% Working Families’ Share
Oregon
STATE: Oregon

Enrollment of Working Families

360,000 Medicaid/CHIP
200,000 EITC
216,000 SNAP

Federal Cost ($ millions)

$2,928 Total
$1,548 For Working Families
53% Working Families’ Share

State Cost ($ millions)

$522 Total
$267 For Working Families
51% Working Families’ Share
California
STATE: California

Enrollment of Working Families

6,771,000 Medicaid/CHIP
2,346,000 EITC
930,000 SNAP

Federal Cost ($ millions)

$23,631 Total
$13,736 For Working Families
58% Working Families’ Share

State Cost ($ millions)

$7,328 Total
$3,676 For Working Families
50% Working Families’ Share