RELEASE: The Fast-Food Industry and COVID-19 in Los Angeles


March 2, 2021
Media Contact: Veena Hampapur,, (213) 370-9601

LA Fast-Food Sector Leads to Disproportionate COVID-19 Risks and High Public Costs

LOS ANGELES – A new report by UCLA and UC Berkeley finds that working conditions in the Los Angeles fast-food industry lead to an increased risk of COVID-19 transmission in communities of color as well as high public costs. Fast-food is an integral part of the food sector in Los Angeles, comprising nearly 150,000 restaurant workers, the vast majority of whom are women and workers of color.

The report, The Fast-Food Industry and COVID-19 in Los Angeles, is a collaboration between the UCLA Labor Center, UC Berkeley Labor Center, UCLA Labor Occupational Health and Safety Program, and UC Berkeley Labor Occupational Health Program.

According to the study, fast-food worksites are particularly vulnerable to COVID-19 transmission. One-third of fast-food worksites have twenty or more employees, suggesting shared equipment, work spaces, bathrooms, and break areas.

“Fast food restaurants have workspaces that are in close proximity coupled with high customer volume, increasing the risk of exposure for this workforce. In fact, one study found that cooks have the highest increased mortality of any job during the pandemic,” said Saba Waheed, report author and Research Director at the UCLA Labor Center. “And to top it off, COVID-19 exacerbates already existing workplace issues including sexual harassment.”

Black, Latinx, and Asian populations have disproportionately higher rates of infection, hospitalization, and death compared to their White counterparts. Report authors note that the interplay between essential workers, household size, race, and income are nowhere more obvious than in Los Angeles, where nine in ten fast-food workers are workers of color, and nearly three-quarters are Latinx.

“It’s important to remember that COVID-19 transmission from fast-food worksites can then impact households and surrounding communities. The majority of fast-food workers live near their workplaces and are more likely to use public transportation. Most live with four or more people, which makes social distancing difficult or impossible, and about a third live with people older than 55. This means that a worksite outbreak raises the risk for community spread in dense working class areas of Los Angeles,” said Tia Koonse, report author and Legal and Policy Research Manager at the UCLA Labor Center.

Even prior to the pandemic, the fast-food industry was characterized by difficult work conditions and low pay. The report finds that two-thirds of the families of fast-food workers in LA County are enrolled in a safety net program at a cost of $1.2 billion to the public.

“The wages earned by fast-food workers make up 40% of their families’ total incomes. Low pay means that workers need public safety net programs to meet their families’ basic needs,” said Ken Jacobs, report author and Chair of the UC Berkeley Labor Center. “Most earn at or near the minimum wage, and they are twice as likely as other workers to fall below the federal poverty line.”

“What is clear from this report is the significant labor issues fast food workers face – related to their safety, harassment, and wage theft,” said Los Angeles County Board of Supervisors Chair Hilda L. Solis, Supervisor to the First District. “Unfortunately, this particularly impacts our Latinx and Black communities which have also been ravaged by COVID-19. These concerns, which this study brings to light, demonstrate the work we have ahead of us.”

This report is based on demographic and government data and will be followed by a second report on the working conditions and experiences of fast-food workers in summer 2021.

Download the report.

**Please contact Veena Hampapur to schedule interviews.**

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For more than 50 years, the UCLA Labor Center has created innovative programs that offer a range of educational, research, and public service activities within the university and in the broader community, especially among low-wage and immigrant workers. The Labor Center is a vital resource for research, education, and policy development to help create jobs that are good for workers and their communities, to improve the quality of existing jobs in the low-wage economy, and to strengthen the process of immigrant integration, especially among students and youth.

The UC Berkeley Labor Center is a public service project of the UC Berkeley Institute for Research on Labor and Employment that links academic resources with working people. Since 1964, the Labor Center has produced research, trainings, and curricula that deepen understanding of employment conditions and develop diverse new generations of leaders.

The UCLA Labor Occupational Health and Safety Program (LOSH) promotes safe and healthy workplaces through worker training and education, research, technical assistance, and policy analysis. LOSH initiatives focus on workers in high-hazard industries and low-wage jobs and those who are vulnerable by virtue of immigration status, language, or employment status. LOSH strives to reduce occupational health disparities and environmental injustice through direct worker engagement, leadership development, and capacity building. LOSH is part of the UCLA Center for Occupational and Environmental Health and the UCLA Institute for Research on Labor and Employment.

The UC Berkeley Labor Occupational Health Program’s (LOHP) mission is to promote safe, healthy, and just workplaces and to build the capacity of workers and worker organizations to take action for improved working conditions. We look broadly at the impact of work on health, and we advance the principle that healthy jobs—that pay a living wage, provide job security and benefits, protect against hazards and harassment, have reasonable workloads, and engage workers in the decisions that affect them—are a basic human right. As a university-based public health program, we accomplish our mission by providing training to effectively engage workers and worker organizations in advocating for better working conditions; conducting research to evaluate the effectiveness of interventions, document the impact of health and safety hazards, and identify policy solutions; and supporting development of protective policies that integrate public health research and expertise. LOHP is part of the Center for Occupational and Environmental Health at UC Berkeley.