This paper summarizes the literature on the dynamics of wages, turnover, and performance, and how increased wages and lower turnover effect security and public safety outcomes at airports.
California Workers' Rights: A Manual of Job Rights, Protections and Remedies
This report examines wages and working conditions for California’s EMTs and paramedics, and provides context on the industry and governance of the state’s EMS system.
New study shows that EMS workers’ wages are low and stagnating and the jobs are dangerous, with high rates of mortality, injury, mental and physical trauma.
Race to the Bottom: How Low‐Road Subcontracting Affects Working Conditions in California’s Property Services Industry
As economic inequality takes center stage in the public debate, policymakers are increasingly asking whether subcontracting has contributed to the problem of low-wage work.
An IRLE Working Paper. The goal of this paper is to develop a comprehensive research agenda to analyze trends in domestic outsourcing in the U.S. – firms’ use of contractors and independent contractors – and its effects on job quality and inequality.
This report examines the extent of outsourcing in the airline industry; trends in wages over the last 20 years; the implications of these trends for workers, customers, and other stakeholders; and the costs and benefits of improving job standards in this industry.
Temporary Workers in California are Twice as Likely as Non-Temps to Live in Poverty: Problems with Temporary and Subcontracted Work in California
The nature of employment is changing. Employees are increasingly seen as liabilities rather than assets, and so workers are kept at arm’s length from the companies they ultimately serve. Middle-class long-term jobs are shifting to precarious, low-wage work. These contingent relationships include temporary and subcontracted workers, whose ranks have been growing over the past two decades.
Summary and Main Findings In response to low pay for workers and low service quality for taxpayers, about 100 local governmental entities in the United States have instituted living wage…